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What are transgenic
animals? What are
the methods of transgensis ?
Animals that have their DNA
manipulated to possess and express on extra (foreign) gene are known as
transgenic animals. Transgenic rats, rabbits, pigs, cows and fish have been
produced although over 95% of all existing transgenic animals are mice. In creating
a transgenic animal,
the transgene should be introduced just
after fertilization into
the male pro-nucleus known as ‘transgensis’.
Taiwan signed a free trade agreement with Singapore on 7 November in Taipei,
the capital of Taiwan.It is first trade agreement Taiwan has signed with a
member of the Association of Southeast Nations.Singapore is Taiwan’s
fifth-largest trade partner and fourth-largest export market, with bilateral
trade totalling US$28.2 billion in 2012.
U.S. named Nigeria’s Boko Haram ‘Terrorist’ Group
The US State Department has on 13 November officially designated Boko Haram,
the Nigerian Islamist group responsible for the 2011 bombing of the UN
headquarters in Abuja, as a “foreign terrorist organisation”. The designation
is significant because it directs US law enforcement and regulatory agencies to
block business and financial transactions with Boko Haram, which is fighting to
impose Islamic law in northern Nigeria and has ties to al Qaeda. Boko Haram
means “Western education is sacrilege”.
Abdullah Yameen Elected as President of Maldives
Abdulla Yameen, the candidate of Progressive Party , has been elected as
president of the Maldives on 16 November .In the presidential election, Yameen
defeated Mohamed Nasheed of Maldivian Democratic Party with a margin of six
thousand votes.Yameen secured 51.39 percent (1 lakh 11 thousand) of votes,
whereas Mohamed Nasheed received 48.61 (1 lakh 5 thousand votes).Yameen is an
economist and the half-brother of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the former autocratic
ruler, who ruled Maldives for 30 years.
Iran and P5+1 Group of Nations Signed The Historic
The Gambia is on 2 October decided to withdraw from the Commonwealth, 48 years
after joining. Gambian, a West African country joined the Commonwealth of
Nations in 1965.The last country to be withdrawn from the Commonwealth group
was Zimbabwe in 2003.The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of
54 countries, many of them former territories of the British Empire. It was
established in 1949.
China and EU
Signed Bilateral Currency Swap Agreement
China and the European Union signed a 350 billion yuan (45 billion euro)
currency swap agreement on 10 October.The agreement signed between the People’s
Bank of China and the European Central Bank (ECB), aims to support bilateral
trade and protect financial stability.
US and Vietnam
Signed Nuclear Trade Agreement
The US and Vietnam have on 10 October signed a agreement on civilian nuclear
power that will allow american firms in to the market and commits the
vietnamese to not producing ingredients for aotmic weapons.U.S. Secretary of
State John Kerry and his vietnamese counterpart signed the “123 agreement ” at
the East Asian Summit in Brunei .
Banerjea (1848-1925) Bom in 1848 Surendranath Baneijea is often called
"the Indian Burke". Like Edmund Burke he combined 'knowledge' with
'the capacity to move audience' through his oratory.
Surendranath graduated in 1868. He
successfully competed for the ICS examination in 1869 and was appointed
Assistant Magistrate of Sylhet. Some charges were framed against him. As a
result, in 1873 he was dismissed from the Service.
Professor of English:
After his dismissal from the Indian
Civil Service, Surendranath became Professor of English in the Metropolitan
Institution. Later he joined the Free Church College at Kolkata. In 1882, he
started a school which later grew into a college (Lord Ripon College).
History for general awareness, competitive exams & Banks, medieval Indian history pdf
download, Indian history notes for civil services, appsc material for Indian
history, class notes for general studies, appsc group 1 notification
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Dadabhai's love for nation and his contribution to the nationalist
movement may be studied under the following headings:
1. India's Unofficial
Ambassador in England: In 1866 Dadabhai founded the East India Association in
London. Its object was to inform the British of the true state of affairs in
India. During his long stay in England, he made friendship with eminent
Englishmen like Gladstone, Bradlaugh and Bright. He was the first Indian to
have won a seat in 1892 in the British House of Commons. As member of British
Parliament he rendered admirable service to the cause of India and the people
of Indian origin in South Africa. It was due to the efforts of Dadabhai and
Bradlaugh that the British House of Commons passed a resolution recommending
that the ICS examination be held simultaneously both in England and in India.
The Resolution, however, could not become an Act.
2. One of the
Founder-Members of Indian National Congress: Dadabhai was one of the founders
of the Indian National Congress. Thrice he presided over the sessions of the
Congress in 1886,1893 and 1906. His Presidentship of the Congress in 1906 was
memorable in many ways. The partition of Bengal in 1905 had very sadly
disillusioned the early nationlists. Their power and prestige were on the
decline. They, therefore, persuaded Dadabhai to preside over the Kolkata
session of the Congress in 1906. Dadabhai's name and fame made it difficult for
the assertive nationalists to oppose his candidature, although they would have
liked Tilak to hold that office.
The rise of robust nationalism
cannot be attributed to any single factor. The major contributing factors to
this were as follows:
1. The Famine and Plague: Drought led to a countrywide
famine in 1896-97. It affected crores of people and caused nearly 45 lakh
deaths. The government machinery was slow in providing relief— money, food and
clothing—to the people. Tilak, through his writings, explained to the peasants
their right to relief under the Famine Relief Code. Plague followed in the wake
of famine. The soldiers were deputed to take the plague infected people to
isolation camps. They behaved like a gang of invaders, insulting women and
throwing household goods on the streets. This angered the people. Two sensitive
young men, Damodar Chapekar and Balkrishna Chapekar, killed the Plague Commissioner,
Mr. Rand. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was not at all connected with the murder,
was also arrested. He was tried for having written explosive articles in the
'Kesciri' and sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment. It was greatly
resented by the people throughout the country.
split in the Buddhist Church - Mahayana and Hinayana?
during the-Fourth Buddhist Council convened by the great Kushan king, Kanishka
that Buddhism split into two sects known as Mahayana (the Greater Vehicle) and
Hinayana (the Lesser Vehicle).
its main features
the earlier form of Buddhism in which the only object of worship was the stupa.
It regarded Buddha as a great teacher and guide. It did not build temples or
idols. It laid emphasis on the salvation of the individual by directly
observing the Eightfold Path. It used Pali for its scriptures. The Hinayana is
confined to India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Siam, Cambodia and Laos.
its important features
Buddhists came to be known as the Mahayana Buddhists to distinguish from the
older creed. They regarded the Buddha as God. They introduced elaborate rituals
and adopted Sanskrit as a language of its scriptures. The Mahayana sect
appealed to the masses and became more popular than the Hinayana Buddhism.
Today, it has a greater number of followers in the world. It has spread to
central Asia, China and many other countries of Asia.