- Popularly known as Gurudev born in Kolkatta. He was a Bengali poet, philosopher, playwright, composer, and novelist.
- India's most famous writer and poet was awarded the Nobel Prize in recognition of his work Geetanjali, a collection of poems, in 1913.
- In 1901 he founded the famous Santiniketan which later came to be known as Vishwabharati University.
- Rabindranath Tagore was the first non-European and first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. His elegant prose and magical poetry mesmerized millions.
- Tagore's major works included Gitanjali, Gora, and Ghare-Baire. Two of his songs are now the national anthems of Bangladesh and India, i.e. the Amar Shonar Bangle and the Jana Gone Mona, respectively.
- Born at Thiruvanaikkaval in Tamil Nadu, Raman studied at Presidency College, Madras. Later, he served as Professor of Physics at Calcutta University.
- C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize for an important research in the field of optics (light). Raman had found that diffused light contained rays of other wavelengths-what is now popularly known as Raman Effect. Raman had found that diffused light contained rays of other wavelengths-what is now popularly known as Raman Effect.
- His theory explains why the frequency of light passing through a transparent medium changes, while some of the light that emerges at a right angle to the original beam is of other frequencies (Raman frequencies) characteristic of the material.
- He is known for his extensive work in the field of acoustics and light. He even studied the physiology of the human eye.